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Modern Japanese coins are dated using the nengō system, which specifies the era name (emperor's reign) and year of the reign.Determine the direction of the text by finding the character for the word "year" (see table below).

There are additional Japanese symbols for larger multiples of 10: 100: 百 1000: 千 The Japanese number-writing system is known as a non-positional numeral system because individual symbols don't identify their value strictly based on their position in the number.Here’s how: If there is only one number, simply translate that number.EXAMPLE: 五 – 5 If a small number from Chart A is front a larger number from Chart B, you multiply the smaller number by the larger number.Such a time zero usually refers to an important event in this or that religion, or to a revolution: Christianity the Nativity of Christ in AD 0, Islam Muhammad's departure from Mecca to Medina in AD 622, Buddhism the death of Buddha in 543 BC, etc.As far as the Chinese calendar is concerned, there is no time zero.In order to determine if they use that method or the Western method (left to right), simply look for the Japanese symbol nen, meaning year (fig. Nen always follows the date, so by using that you can determine which way the date is written.As I've previously discussed, it is useful for a world coin collector to be able to read numbers and dates in different languages.Nengo dating: Nengo dating is the practice of displaying the name of the current emperor and year of that emperor’s reign.For instance, if your coin shows the Japanese characters for Shōwa and 35, your coin was minted in the 35th year of the reign of emperor Shōwa (Hirohito), which would date your coin to 1960. 1, below): In order to date coins that use the nengo dating system, you must first be able to translate the numbers.The symbols used to represent 0 through 10 are pictured below, with their European/Arabic equivalent: Numbers above (and including) 10 are not made by combining individual digits, like in the Arabic numeral system.Instead, Japanese uses combinations of numerals which add and/or multiply to the number being written.

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